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Geography and History

At Stanhope we believe history and geography are a valuable part of children’s education. Children not only acquire knowledge but also foster lifelong skills which will allow them to explore and understand the world around them.


Geography Key stage 1

During key stage 1 pupils investigate their local area and a contrasting area in the United Kingdom or abroad; they learn about the environment in both areas and the people who live there. They also begin to learn about the wider world.

They carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom. Children have the opportunity to ask geographical questions about people, places and environments as well as develop geographical skills using resources such as maps and photographs.


Geography Key stage 2

During key stage 2 pupils investigate a variety of people, places and environments in the United Kingdom and abroad. They start to make links between different places in the world. In addition, they find out how people affect the environment and how they are affected by it. Children develop geographical enquiry where learning takes place both inside and outside the classroom. This gives them the opportunity to ask geographical questions, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps, atlases, aerial photographs and ICT.


History Key stage 1

During key stage 1 children develop a sense of chronology by sequencing events and objects in order, using key vocabulary to describe the passing of time whilst recognising that their lives are different from those in the past. Children begin to recognise and understand why people acted the way they did and develop an understanding of the different ways the past is portrayed. They have the opportunity to make simple observations and handle sources of information to answer questions about the past.


History Key stage 2

At key stage 2 children have the opportunity to use their acquired knowledge and skills to look in more detail at past events and people, gaining a better understanding of both British and world history. Children have the opportunity to use a range of sources to make comparisons between different features of the past and discover the way events or people are linked within different periods.

Children are also given the opportunity to make links between key past events and think with their analytical caps on, as to why things happen and the different ways people are portrayed. They make appropriate use of dates and terms and select and organise information to produce structured work.